“Public action” in criminal matters refers to the legal proceedings brought in the name of society against the perpetrator of an offence.
Public action can be undertaken by the State in various ways.
- More specifically, the police or the gendarmerie will carry out an investigation to be submitted to the public prosecutor. The latter may wish to bring the offender before a criminal court. For example, this may be the result of a traffic accident resulting in a death caused by a repeat offender drunk driver.
- The public prosecutor will lodge a complaint with the police or gendarmerie by filing a civil action with the senior investigating judge, if certain conditions are met.